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Level of need in the population

Adults :: Domestic Abuse :: Level of need in the population

The Violence Against Women and Girls 'Ready Reckoner' uses findings from the British Crime Survey to estimate the prevalence of domestic violence, sexual violence and stalking in an area [1]. Using ONS mid-year 2016 population estimates [2], the numbers of women likely to have been affected in Medway in 2016 have been calculated (Table 1) out of a population of 140,280 females.

  Estimated number Margin of error
Women and girls aged 16-59 have been a victim of domestic abuse 9,118 1,830
Women and girls aged 16-59 have been a victim of sexual assault 4,629 1,472
Women and girls aged 16-59 have been a victim of stalking 11,307 2,251
Table 1: Estimated domestic abuse numbers for women aged 16-59 in Medway using ONS mid-year 2016 population estimates

These estimates are necessary because of the relatively high proportion of domestic abuse that is not reported. These estimates are only for women, but national data suggests that around one third of victims are male. Using the data from Table 1, it is estimated that there were around 11,800 male victims in Medway in 2016.

In 2017/18 there were 5,162 crimes and 2,770 secondary incidents (not amounting to a notifiable offence) related to domestic abuse, resulting in a total of 7,932 reports. There were 3,498 female victims and they accounted for 74% of the total reports. There were 1,458 male victims and they accounted for 26% of the total reports. 1,911 of the reports were repeat victims (24%).

  Qtr 4 2016/17 Qtr 1 2017/18 Qtr 2 2017/18 Qtr 3 2017/18 Qtr 4 2017/18
Number of cases discussed at MARAC 157 127 161 137 157
% of repeat cases seen at MARAC 48% 45% 32% 26% 38%
Number of clients seen at One Stop Shop 155 145 143 169
Table 2: Medway Domestic Abuse Service Data [3]

The proportion of females seen at the One Stop Shop is over 90%. The proportion of repeat victims in the preceding 12 months varies in different quarters and ranges between 17.3%-31.4%. For the year 2017/18, the overall percentage of repeat incidents is just below 35%. The number of cases discussed at MARAC ranged between 127-161 per quarter.

In 2017/18, there were 531 victims of domestic abuse referred to Independent Domestic Violence Advisors (IDVAs) in Medway. They have engaged 89% of all referrals which is higher than the benchmark set by Coordinated Action Against Domestic Abuse (CAADA).


• In the year ending June 2017, for every 100 domestic abuse crimes recorded, there were 58 arrests in Kent and Medway. Compared to 40 other forces, Kent Police ranked as having the 6th highest rate [4].


• Kent and Medway recorded 20,969 domestic abuse-related crimes between in the year ending March 2017 [4].


References

[1]   Home Office. Violence Against Women and Girls Ready Reckoner 2009;
[2]   Office for National Statistics. Mid-2016 population estimate
[3]   Kent Police. MARAC Data 2017/18;
[4]   ONS. Domestic abuse in England and Wales - Data Tool 2017;