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Summary

Adults :: CVD :: Summary

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) encompasses diseases of the heart and blood vessels and includes conditions such as coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease and some other less common conditions.

Lifestyle factors such as smoking, unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity and their consequences such as obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes, are major risk factors for CVD.

CVD causes more than a quarter (27%) of all deaths in the UK, or around 155,000 deaths each year[1] - an average of 425 people each day or one every three minutes. The main forms of CVD are coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke; just under half (45%) of CVD deaths were from CHD and a quarter were from stroke (25%)[1]. Deaths from CVD in those under 75 years old are considered premature because most are preventable. Tackling premature death and ill health, including CVD, has been identified as a priority in the Medway Joint Health and Wellbeing Strategy.

Key issues and gaps


• Prevalence of CVD is similar to or lower than the national average in Medway; however, there are gaps between the recorded and estimated CVD prevalence.
• CVD is no longer the biggest killer in Medway; in 2015 23.6% of deaths are caused by CVD, compared to 30.2% caused by cancer.
• Overall CVD mortality rates for under-75s are 79.6 per 100,000 population and are similar to the national average. However, mortality rates from CVD considered preventable (< 75 years) in Medway are significantly higher (55.7 per 100,000) than the national average (48.1 per 100,000).
• Mortality from CVD is higher in men and in the most deprived areas in Medway.
• Deaths from CVD are the greatest contributor to the life expectancy gap between the most deprived and least deprived areas in Medway; 24% in men and 27% in women.
• Emergency hospital admissions among those aged under 75 have increased in Medway over the past three years.
• A higher proportion of the eligible population aged 40-74 in Medway have been offered an NHS Health Check compared to England. However the proportion who have actually received an NHS Health Check is lower.


References

[1]   Townsend N, Bhatnagar P, Wilkins E, et al. Cardiovascular Disease Statistics 2015 2015; British Heart Foundation: London. https://www.bhf.org.uk/publications/statistics/cvd-stats-2015 .