Table of contents

Evidence of what works

Background papers: children :: Immunisations and vaccinations [Update in progress] :: Evidence of what works

NICE Public Health Guidance: 21

NICE public health guidance entitled “Reducing differences in the uptake of Immunisations (including targeted vaccines) in people younger than 19 years” was issued in September 2009.[1] Ensuring that there is high uptake of vaccinations is childhood involves many different organisations and individuals. Recommendations include
• Having multifaceted, coordinated immunisation programmes which monitor uptake
• Having information systems to support the programmes so that details of who requires vaccination and who has had the various types is reliably recorded
• Training for those who advise on and provide immunisations services
• Ensuring the contribution of nurseries, schools and colleges of further education to promote vaccination
• Targeting groups at risk of not being fully immunised such as children in care, young people who missed previous immunisations, children with physical or learning difficulties, children of lone parents, children not registered with a GP, children in larger families, hospitalised children, and minority ethnic groups

Heath Protection Agency (HPA)

The Health Protection Agency is an independent UK organisation that was set up by the government in 2003 to protect the public from threats to their health from infectious diseases and environmental hazards. It does this by providing advice and information to the general public, to health professionals such as doctors and nurses and to national and local government and includes specific information about immunisations and vaccinations. Public Health England Vaccinations

NHS choices immunisation website

A comprehensive, up–to–date and accurate source of information on vaccines, disease and immunisation for the UK for the public. NHS choices

Joint Committee for Vaccinations and Immunisations

The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) is an independent expert advisory committee first set up in 1963 to advise the Secretaries of State for Health, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland on matters relating to communicable diseases, preventable and potentially preventable through immunisation. JCVI gives advice to Ministers based on the best evidence reflecting current good practice and/or expert opinion. The process involves a robust, transparent, and systematic appraisal of all the available evidence from a wide range of sources. The committee is appointed by the Appointments Commission and is independent of the Department of Health. Joint Committee for Vaccinations and Immunisations

Department of Health Immunisation against Infectious Disease – 'The Green Book'

The most recent printed version was published in 2006, but the website is regularly refreshed with updated chapters. Each chapter gives details on the disease, vaccine available, efficacy of the vaccine, contraindications, side effects and the correct dosage etc. Greenbook


[1]   National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Reducing differences in the uptake of Immunisations (including targeted vaccines) in people younger than 19 years 2009; National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. .