Table of contents

Key messages

Summary :: Our health inequalities :: Key messages

• Health outcomes for people in Medway are generally worse than those in the rest of England.
• The life expectancy of people in Medway is significantly below that of the national average.
• There is a clear social gradient in life expectancy; individuals from the most deprived Medway wards are expected to live approximately 8 years fewer than those from more affluent wards (2012-16).
• Male healthy life expectancy has remained similar to that seen across England (61.8 years vs. 63.4 years respectively). However, female healthy life expectancy has fallen below the England average (59.7 years vs. 64.1 years respectively; 2013-15).
• Level of poverty is associated with both premature mortality and poor health outcomes throughout an individual's life course. Medway shows a higher percentage of dependent children in relative poverty.
• Differences in lifestyle and other wider determinants of health can lead to different health outcomes by altering an individual's susceptibility to a particular condition. In addition, variations in the quality of health care may further exasperate differences in health outcomes and life expectancy.
• In Medway, an inequality gap exists in early deaths. Individuals living in the most deprived quintile in Medway have a higher early death rate than those living in the least deprived quintile. The early deaths inequality gap exists for both sexes, but the gap is wider for men.